Philippe Bernard

Philippe Bernard

Co-director of the CeSCuP & Chercheur Qualifié FNRS (tenured researcher)

Co-director of the CeSCuP Full time researcher

Current positions (research and teaching)

  • 2022-now: Co-director of the Center for Social and Cultural Psychology. Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
  • 2019-now: Chercheur Qualifié FNRS [FNRS Research Associate]. Full-time researcher (tenured), Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2016-now: Maitre de Conférences [part-time lecturer]Cours : Psychologie dans ses rapports avec les sciences sociales (PSYC-D-102), Faculté de Philosophie et Sciences Sociales, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Previous research experiences

  • 2018-2019: Collaborateur Scientifique FNRS [FNRS Scientific Collaborator]. Postdoctoral researcher, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2015-2018: Chargé de Recherches FNRS [FNRS Postdoctoral Researcher]. Postdoctoral researcher, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2014-2015: BAEF Fellow. Postdoctoral researcher, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (NE), USA.
  • 2014-2015: Fulbright Fellow. Postdoctoral researcher, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (NE), USA.
  • 2013-2014: Collaborateur Scientifique [Scientific collaborator]. Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2009-2013: Aspirant FNRS [FNRS Research Fellow]. Ph.D student, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Training and education

  • 2013: PhD in Psychological Sciences [Docteur en Sciences Psychologiques], Félicitations du Jury. Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2008: Licensed in Psychological Sciences [Licencié en Sciences Psychologiques], Highest Distinction. Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • Objectification of others
  • Body and face perception
  • Sexualization
  • Body ownership
  • Effects of pornography consumption
  • Environmental psychology

Personal research web pages





  • Wollast, R., Riemer, A., Gervais, S. J., Grigoryan, L., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (2021). How cultural orientation and self-compassion shape objectified body consciousness for women from America, Belgium, Russia, and Thailand. Self and Identity, 20, 930–950. doi:10.1080/15298868.2020.1787220
  • Bernard, P. De Laet, M., & Gervais, S. J. (2021). Is body inversion effect a valid measure of women’s objectification? Yes, it is! Personality and Individual Differences, 175, 110708. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2021.110708
  • Klein, O., Arnal, C., Eagan, S., Bernard, P., & Gervais, S. J. (2021). Does tipping facilitate sexual objectification? The effect of tips on sexual harassment of bar and restaurant servers. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 40,  448–460. doi:10.1108/EDI-04-2019-0127
  • Wollast, R., Klein, O., VanLeeuwen, D. M., Gervais, S. J., & Bernard, P. (2021). Does self-objectification entail an opposition between appearance and competence? The Likert Version of the Self-Objectification Questionnaire (LSOQ). Psychologica Belgica, 61, 33–45. doi:10.5334/pb.481
  • Bernard, P., Content., J., Servais, L., Wollast, R., & Gervais, S. J. (2020). An initial test of the cosmetics dehumanization hypothesis: Heavy makeup diminishes attributions of humanness-related traits to women. Sex Roles, 83, 315–327. doi:10.1007/s11199-019-01115-y
  • Bernard, P., Cogoni, C., & Carnaghi, A. (2020). The sexualization-objectification link: Sexualization affects the way people see and feel towards others. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 29, 134–139. doi:10.1177/0963721419898187
  • De Wilde, Casini, A., Bernard, P., Wollast, R., Klein, O., & Demoulin, S. (2020). Two preregistered direct replications of “Objects don’t object: Evidence that self-objectification disrupts women’s social activism”. Psychological Science, 31, 214–223. doi:10.1177/0956797619896273
  • Wollast, R., De Wilde, M., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (2020). Percevoir son corps à travers le regard d’autrui : une revue de la littérature sur l’auto-objectification. L’Année Psychologique, 120, 321–347. doi:10.3917/anpsy1.203.0321
  • Bernard, P., Geelhand, P. & Servais, L. (2019). The face of objectification: Faces wearing make-up are processed less configurally than faces without makeup. International Review of Social Psychology, 32, 16. doi:10.5334/irsp.211
  • Bernard, P., Hanoteau, F., Gervais, S. J., Servais, L., Bertolone, I., Deltenre, P. & Colin, C. (2019). Revealing clothing does not make the object: ERP evidences that cognitive objectification is driven by posture suggestiveness, not by revealing clothing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45, 16–36. doi:10.1177/0146167218775690
  • Bernard, P. & Wollast, R. (2019). Why is sexualization dehumanizing? The effects of posture suggestiveness and revealing clothing on dehumanization. SAGE Open, 9. doi:10.1177/2158244019828230
  • Geelhand, P., Bernard, P., Klein, O., van Tiel, B., & Kissine, M. (2019). The role of gender in the perception of autism symptom and future behavioral development. Molecular Autism, 10, 16. doi:10.1186/s13229-019-0266-4
  • Wollast, R., Riemer, A., Bernard, P., Leys, C., Kotsou, I., & Klein, O. (2019). How self-compassion moderates the effect of body surveillance on subjective happiness and depression among women. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60, 464–472. doi:10.1111/sjop.12553
  • Bernard, P., Content, J., Deltenre, P., & Colin, C. (2018). When the body becomes no more than the sum of its parts: The neural correlates of scrambled vs. intact sexualized bodies. NeuroReport, 29, 48–53. doi:10.1097/WNR.0000000000000926
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Holland, A. M., & Dodd, M. D. (2018). When do people “check out” male bodies? Appearance-focus increases the objectifying gaze toward men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 19, 484–489. doi:10.1037/men0000122
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., & Klein, O. (2018). Objectifying objectification: When and why people are cognitively reduced to their parts akin to objects. European Review of Social Psychology, 29, 82–121. doi:10.1080/10463283.2018.1471949
  • Bernard, P., Legrand, S., & Klein, O. (2018). From bodies to blame: Exposure to sexually objectifying media increases tolerance toward sexual harassment. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 7, 99–112. doi:10.1037/ppm0000114
  • Bernard, P. & Rizzo, T., Hoonhorst, I., Deliens, G., Gervais, S. J., et al. (2018). The neural correlates of cognitive objectification: an ERP study on the body-inversion effect associated with sexualized bodies. Social and Psychological Personality Science, 9, 550–559. doi:10.1177/1948550617714582
  • Wollast, R., Puvia, E., Bernard, P., Tevichapong, P., & Klein, O. (2018). How sexual objectification generates dehumanization in Western and Eastern cultures: a comparison between Belgium and Thailand. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 77, 69–82. doi:10.1024/1421-0185/a000209
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., Campomizzi, S., & Klein, O. (2015). Body parts reduction and self-objectification in the objectification of sexualized bodies. International Review of Social Psychology, 28, 39–61.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., Delmée, A., & Klein, O. (2015). From sex-objects to human beings: Masked sexual body parts and humanization as moderators to women’s objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 39, 432–446. doi:10.1177/0361684315580125
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2015). Commentary on “The sexualized-body-inversion hypothesis: Valid indicator of sexual objectification or methodological artifact”. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 845. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00845
  • Bernard, P., Loughnan, S., Godart, A., Marchal, C., & Klein, O. (2015). The exonerating effect of sexual objectification: Sexual objectification decreases rapist blame in a stranger rape context. Sex Roles, 72, 499–508. doi:10.1007/s11199-015-0482-0
  • Gervais, S. J., Bernard, P., & Riemer, A. R. (2015). Who treats people as sex objects? Cultural orientation, social comparison and sexual objectification perpetration. International Review of Social Psychology, 28, 153–181.
  • Klein, O., & Bernard, P. (2015). Stereotypes in social psychology. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopaedia of the social and behavioral sciences 2nd edition (pp. 446–452). Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Bernard, P., Mangez, N., Klein, O. (2014). Obese people=Animals? Investigating the implicit “animalization” of obese people. Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, 16, 40–44.
  • Klein, O., Allen, J., Bernard, P., & Gervais, S. J. (2014). Angry naked bodies : How stereotyping and sexual objectification may be used to transform social systems. In D. Sindic, M. Barreto and R. Costa-Lopes (Eds.), The intersection between power and identity (pp. 71–93). New-York: Psychology Press.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2013). Perceptual determinants are critical, but they don’t explain everything: A response to Tarr. Psychological Science, 24, 1071–1073. doi:10.1177/0956797612474672
  • Gervais, S. J., Bernard, P., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2013). Toward a unified theory of objectification and dehumanization. In S. J. Gervais (Ed.), 60th Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Objectification and (de)humanization (pp. 1–23). New-York: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6959-9_1
  • Leys, C., Ley, C., Klein, O., Bernard, P., & Licata, L. (2013). Detecting outliers: Do not use standard deviation around the mean, use absolute deviation around the median. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 764–766. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2013.03.013
  • Marchal, C., Leys, C., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (2013). If it were to happen to me, would I see it coming? How identifying with the victim influences the foreseeability of a sexual aggression. International Review of Social Psychology, 26, 5–28.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., Campomizzi, S., & Klein, O. (2012). Integrating sexual objectification with object versus person recognition: The sexualized body-inversion hypothesis. Psychological Science, 23, 469–471. doi:10.1177/0956797611434748
  • Bernard, P., Leys, C., & Klein, O. (2012). “Look in my eyes. I said in my eyes!”: Antecedents and consequences of (self-)objectification. The Inquisitive Mind, 14.
  • Leys, C., Licata, L., Bernard, P., & Marchal, C. (2012). The effects of offenders’ emotions versus behaviours on victims’ perception of their personality: Disentangling effects of felt guilt and apologies. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 187–197. doi:10.1024/1421-0185/a000087
  • Leys, C., Licata, L., Marchal, C., & Bernard, P. (2011). The influence of defendants’ feelings of guilt on their penalties: The mediating role of attribution processes. International Review of Social Psychology, 24, 45–58.
  • 2016-now: Maitre de Conférences [part-time lecturer]. Psychologie dans ses rapports avec les autres sciences sociales (BA1, PSYCD-102), Faculté de Philosophie et Sciences Sociales, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2020-now: Course teacher, Social Cognition (BA3, PSYC-E4341), Faculté des Sciences Psychologiques et de l’Education, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2010-2019: Assistant [Teaching Assistant]. Seminars in Methodology in Social Psychology (MA1), Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.


Université Libre de Bruxelles
50 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt CP122
B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
Secrétaire: Luce Vercammen
Phone: +32 (2) 650 4643 Fax: +32 (2) 650 4045