Philippe Bernard

Philippe Bernard

Chercheur Qualifié FNRS (tenured researcher) & Maitre de Conférences (part-time lecturer)


Current positions (research and teaching)

  • 2019-now: Chercheur Qualifié FNRS [NFSR Research Associate]. Full-time researcher (tenured), Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2016-now: Maitre de Conférences [part-time lecturer]Cours : Psychologie dans ses rapports avec les sciences sociales (PSYC-D-102), Faculté de Philosophie et Sciences Sociales, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Previous research experiences

  • 2018-2019: Collaborateur Scientifique FNRS [NFSR Scientific Collaborator]. Postdoctoral researcher, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2015-2018: Chargé de Recherches FNRS [NFSR Postdoctoral Researcher]. Postdoctoral researcher, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2014-2015: BAEF Fellow. Postdoctoral researcher, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (NE), USA.
  • 2014-2015: Fulbright Fellow. Postdoctoral researcher, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (NE), USA.
  • 2013-2014: Collaborateur Scientifique [Scientific collaborator]. Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2009-2013: Aspirant FNRS [NFSR Research Fellow]. Ph.D student, Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.

Training and education

  • 2013: PhD in Psychological Sciences [Docteur en Sciences Psychologiques], Félicitations du Jury. Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2008: Licensed in Psychological Sciences [Licencié en Sciences Psychologiques], Highest Distinction. Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • Objectification  of others
  • Self-objectification
  • Body and face perception
  • Sexualization
  • Social neuroscience
  • Environmental psychology

Personal research web pages





  • Wollast, R., De Wilde, M., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (in press). Théorie de l’objectification: Une revue de la littérature centrée sur l’auto-objectification et ses conséquences. L’Année Psychologique.
  • Wollast, R., Riemer, A., Gervais, S., Grigoryan, L., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (2020). How cultural orientation and self-compassion shape objectified body consciousness for women from America, Belgium, Russia, and Thailand. Self and Identity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2020.1787220
  • Klein, O., Arnal, C., Eagan, S., Bernard, P., & Gervais, S. (2020). Does tipping facilitate sexual objectification? The effect of tips on sexual harassment of bar and restaurant servers. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/EDI-04-2019-0127
  • Bernard, P., Content., J., Servais, L., Wollast, R., & Gervais, S. (2020). An initial test of the cosmetics dehumanization hypothesis: Heavy makeup diminishes attributions of humanness-related traits to women. Sex Roles, 83, 315–327. doi: 10.1007/s11199-019-01115-y
  • Bernard, P., Cogoni, C., & Carnaghi, A. (2020). The sexualization-objectification link: Sexualization affects the way people see and feel towards others. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 29, 134–139. doi: 10.1177/0963721419898187
  • De Wilde, Casini, A., Bernard, P., Wollast, R., Klein, O., & Demoulin, S. (2020). Two preregistered direct replications of “Objects don’t object: Evidence that self-objectification disrupts women’s social activism”. Psychological Science, 31, 214–223. doi: 10.1177/0956797619896273
  • Bernard, P., Geelhand, P. & Servais, L. (2019). The face of objectification: Faces wearing make-up are processed less configurally than faces without makeup. International Review of Social Psychology, 32, 1–8. doi: 10.5334/irsp.211
  • Bernard, P., Hanoteau, F., Gervais, S., Servais, L., Bertolone, I., Deltenre, P. & Colin, C. (2019). Revealing clothing does not make the object: ERP evidences that cognitive objectification is driven by posture suggestiveness, not by revealing clothing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45, 16–36. doi :10.1177/0146167218775690
  • Bernard, P. & Wollast, R. (2019). Why is sexualization dehumanizing? The effects of posture suggestiveness and revealing clothing on dehumanization. SAGE Open, 9. doi: 10.1177/2158244019828230
  • Geelhand, P., Bernard, P., Klein, O., van Tiel, B., & Kissine, M. (2019). The role of gender in the perception of autism symptom and future behavioral development. Molecular Autism, 10, 16. doi: 10.1186/s13229-019-0266-4
  • Wollast, R., Riemer, A., Bernard, P., Leys, C., Kotsou, I., & Klein, O. (2019). How self-compassion moderates the effect of body surveillance on subjective happiness and depression among women. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60, 464–472. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12553
  • Bernard, P., Content, J., Deltenre, P., & Colin, C. (2018). When the body becomes no more than the sum of its parts: The neural correlates of scrambled vs. intact sexualized bodies. NeuroReport, 29, 48–53. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000926
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Holland, A. M., & Dodd, M. D. (2018). When do people “check out” male bodies? Appearance-focus increases the objectifying gaze toward men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 19, 484–489. doi: 10.1037/men0000122
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S., & Klein, O. (2018). Objectifying objectification: When and why people are cognitively reduced to their parts akin to objects. European Review of Social Psychology, 29, 82–121. doi: 10.1080/10463283.2018.1471949
  • Bernard, P., Legrand, S., & Klein, O. (2018). From bodies to blame: Exposure to sexually objectifying media increases tolerance toward sexual harassment. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 7, 99–112. doi: 10.1037/ppm0000114
  • Bernard, P. & Rizzo, T., Hoonhorst, I., Deliens, G., Gervais, S., et al. (2018). The neural correlates of cognitive objectification: an ERP study on the body-inversion effect associated with sexualized bodies. Social and Psychological Personality Science, 9, 550–559. doi: 10.1177/1948550617714582
  • Wollast, R., Puvia, E., Bernard, P., Tevichapong, P., & Klein, O. (2018). How sexual objectification generates dehumanization in Western and Eastern cultures: a comparison between Belgium and Thailand. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 77, 69–82. doi: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000209
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S., Allen, J., Campomizzi, S., & Klein, O. (2015). Body parts reduction and self-objectification in the objectification of sexualized bodies. International Review of Social Psychology, 28, 39–61.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., Delmée, A., & Klein, O. (2015). From sex-objects to human beings: Masked sexual body parts and humanization as moderators to women’s objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 39, 432–446. doi: 10.1177/0361684315580125
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2015). Commentary on “The sexualized-body-inversion hypothesis: Valid indicator of sexual objectification or methodological artifact”. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 845. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00845
  • Bernard, P., Loughnan, S., Godart, A., Marchal, C., & Klein, O. (2015). The exonerating effect of sexual objectification: Sexual objectification decreases rapist blame in a stranger rape context. Sex Roles, 72, 499–508. doi: 10.1007/s11199-015-0482-0
  • Gervais, S. J., Bernard, P., & Riemer, A. R. (2015). Who treats people as sex objects? Cultural orientation, social comparison and sexual objectification perpetration. International Review of Social Psychology, 28, 153–181.
  • Klein, O., & Bernard, P. (2015). Stereotypes in social psychology. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopaedia of the social and behavioral sciences 2nd edition (pp. 446–452). Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Bernard, P., Mangez, N., Klein, O. (2014). Obese people=Animals? Investigating the implicit “animalization” of obese people. Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology, 16, 40–44.
  • Klein, O., Allen, J., Bernard, P., & Gervais, S. J. (2014). Angry naked bodies : How stereotyping and sexual objectification may be used to transform social systems. In D. Sindic, M. Barreto and R. Costa-Lopes (Eds.), The intersection between power and identity (pp. 71–93). New-York: Psychology Press.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S. J., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2013). Perceptual determinants are critical, but they don’t explain everything: A response to Tarr. Psychological Science, 24, 1071–1073. doi: 10.1177/0956797612474672
  • Gervais, S. J., Bernard, P., Allen, J., & Klein, O. (2013). Toward a unified theory of objectification and dehumanization. In S. J. Gervais (Ed.), 60th Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Objectification and (de)humanization (pp. 1–23). New-York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6959-9_1
  • Leys, C., Ley, C., Klein, O., Bernard, P., & Licata, L. (2013). Detecting outliers: Do not use standard deviation around the mean, use absolute deviation around the median. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 764–766. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.03.013
  • Marchal, C., Leys, C., Bernard, P., & Klein, O. (2013). If it were to happen to me, would I see it coming? How identifying with the victim influences the foreseeability of a sexual aggression. International Review of Social Psychology, 26, 5–28.
  • Bernard, P., Gervais, S., Allen, J., Campomizzi, S., & Klein, O. (2012). Integrating sexual objectification with object versus person recognition: The sexualized body-inversion hypothesis. Psychological Science, 23, 469–471. doi: 10.1177/0956797611434748
  • Bernard, P., Leys, C., & Klein, O. (2012). “Look in my eyes. I said in my eyes!”: Antecedents and consequences of (self-)objectification. The Inquisitive Mind, 14.
  • Leys, C., Licata, L., Bernard, P., & Marchal, C. (2012). The effects of offenders’ emotions versus behaviours on victims’ perception of their personality: Disentangling effects of felt guilt and apologies. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 187–197. doi: 10.1024/1421-0185/a000087
  • Leys, C., Licata, L., Marchal, C., & Bernard, P. (2011). The influence of defendants’ feelings of guilt on their penalties: The mediating role of attribution processes. International Review of Social Psychology, 24, 45–58.
  • 2016-now: Maitre de Conférences [part-time lecturer]. Psychologie dans ses rapports avec les autres sciences sociales (BA1, PSYCD-102), Faculté des Sciences Sociales et Politiques, Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
  • 2020-2021: Assistant [Teaching Assistant], Social Cognition (BA3, PSYC-E4341), Faculté des Sciences Psychologiques et de l’Education, Université libre de Bruxelles.
  • 2010-2019: Assistant [Teaching Assistant]. Seminars in Methodology in Social Psychology (MA1), Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.


Atero voluptatum ptatum eos et accusamus et iusto


Ptatum eos et accusamus et iusto odio dignissimos ducimus


Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem


Université Libre de Bruxelles
50 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt CP122
B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
Secrétaire: Luce Vercammen
Phone: +32 (2) 650 4643 Fax: +32 (2) 650 4045